Apr 05 2016

1. Chapman Brothers, compilers.  Portrait and Biographical Album of Huron County (Chicago, Illinois: Chapman Brothers, 1884), pp. 357-360.  The Longworths were prominent and wealthy families in the Westmeath area, owning large estates such as Creggan Castle and Glynwood. The main family seat was at Glynwood, Athlone, County Westmeath.  The prominent Francis Longworth family of Prince Edward Island, Canada and the Nicholas Longworth family of Cincinnati, Ohio were also descendants of the Westmeath Longworths.


2. “Obituary of Capt. John Longworth,” Port Huron Daily Times: Port Huron, Michigan, January 25, 1883.


3. Chapman Brothers, p. 358. 


4. Chapman Brothers, p. 358. The children were: Elizabeth 1814-1901, John born about 1816, who died before 1883, Thomas born about 1818, who died sailing to Australia, Jane 1820-1891, Esther 1822-1902, and William.

 “Sketch of the Late John Longworth,” The Sarnia Observer: Sarnia, Ontario, Friday, February 9, 1883, p. 2.  Captain Longworth settled in Goderich, Ontario, where he lived for fifty-three years; he served as the chief engineer for the Canada Company.


5. Chapman Brothers, p. 358.


6. John D. Blackwell, “Crime in the London District, 1828-1837: A Case Study of the Effect of the 1833 Reform in Upper Canadian Penal Law,” J.K. Johnson and Bruce G. Wilson, editors.  Historical Essays on Upper Canada: New Perspectives (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Carleton University Press, 1989), p. 577.  Elizabeth Longworth (her given name appears as Elizabeth in some records and Esther in others) was awarded thirty shillings for testifying.  Soon after, however, Elizabeth died, and apparently, no further action was taken against John Longworth.


7. Marriage Records 1846-1880 by Orleans Parish Justices of the Peace: Licenses, 1st Justice 1849-1851.  City Archives Collection, New Orleans Public Library: New Orleans, Louisiana.


8. Chapman Brothers, p. 358.  William’s wife, Sarah Crowley was born about 1830 in Ireland.


9. “Our House”, San Antonio Ledger, San Antonio, Texas, December 8, 1855, p. 2.  Ads for Our House appeared in the Ledger in 1855 and 1856.


10. Wheat, Jim, Postmasters and Post Offices of Texas, 1846-1930, http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txpost/postmasters.html (accessed November 2009).

D.D. T. Leech, compiler.  Post Office Directory; or Business Man’s Guide to the Post Offices in the United States (New York: J.H. Colton and Co., 1856), p. 173 (Gonzales, Texas).


11. Texas General Land Office, Texas Land Grant Records: Wilson County, Patent to William Longworth, Patent Vol. 40, #467, 19 Mar 1873, Abstract #198 for 160 acres.  An affidavit for the purpose of legally establishing his homestead, declared that William had lived on the land since January 1, 1866. The acreage was on the Wilson/Karnes county line.


12. Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada Marriage Records, 1882 Book E, #007141, p. 191.  Archives of Ontario Registrations of Marriage: microfilm MS932 Reel 40 and LDS microfilm film #1869759.  The marriage record stated that William was a Quaker.  Quakers settled in County Westmeath, Ireland in the late 17th century.  Friends or Quakers were known for their pacifism.


13. Horace R. Cayton, “Embarrassing Moments,” Cayton’s Weekly: Seattle, Washington, Vol. 3, No 31, January 11, 1919, p. 2.  Richard, the son of William’s oldest sister, Elizabeth, was an attorney and prosecutor.  In 1862 (at age twenty-three) and in 1864, he was elected as representative from Huron County to the Michigan House of Representatives.  He also served as United States Circuit Court Commissioner for the eastern District of Michigan.  Richard was elected as Michigan State Senator from the 22nd District in 1868 and 1880.  The town of Winsor in Huron County, Michigan is named for him.  “Richard Winsor,” Cayton’s Weekly: Seattle, Washington, November 11, 1917, p. 2.  “Since a lad in school Richard Winsor has always been an enthusiastic advocate for the human rights and in his former Michigan home he championed the cause of the black man of this country when it was almost worth one’s life to do so.”


14. Wilson County Commissioner Court Minutes, Book A, p. 63: Office of the County Clerk of Wilson County, Floresville, Texas.


15. “Civil Law,” San Antonio Daily Express: San Antonio, Texas, February 15, 1868.


16. 1870 U.S. Federal Census: Precinct 4, Wilson County, TX, p. 473B, line 18.


17. Cook, James H., Fifty Years on the Old Frontier (Norman and London: University of Oklahoma Press, 1957), pgs.  6-9.  Hunter, J. Marvin, “Riding the Ranges in the Seventies,” Frontier Times Magazine, Vol. 1, July 1924, pgs.28-29.  In the early 1870s, John  Longworth worked as foreman for Ben Slaughter, the father of “Texas” John H. Slaughter.  The Slaughters drove cattle to New Mexico; this could explain John’s presence in Lincoln County.  In 1880, John worked on the Vickers ranch in Frio County; William J. Slaughter’s wife was a member of the Vickers family.


18. Marriage Records of Bexar County, TX: Book E, 11 May 1873 #4325, Office of the County Clerk, San Antonio, Texas.  Clara Nerio (born 1866) and Maria Theresa Nerio (born 1870) were baptized at La Capilla de Santiago located in Graytown, Wilson County, TX.  Clara Nerio was married December 12, 1880 at La Capilla de Santiago by the pastor of Sacred Heart Church in Floresville, TX.


19. Wilson County Commissioner’s Court Minutes, Book A, p. 214: Office of the Wilson County Clerk, Floresville, Texas.


20. Alexander M. Jackson, Cases Argued and Adjudged in the Court of Appeals of the State of Texas, Vol. 3 (St. Louis, Missouri: F.H. Thomas & Co., 1878), p. 326.


21. Chapman Brothers, p. 358.


22. H. L. Bentley & Thomas Pilgrim, Texas Legal Directory For 1876-77 (Austin, Texas: Democratic Statesman Office, 1877), p.74, http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth2413 (accessed November 19, 2010), Denton, Texas, University of North Texas Libraries: The Portal to Texas History.


23. Michigan Legislature under the direction of Edwin S. Hoskins, Secretary of Senate, The Journal of the Senate of the State of Michigan, Vol.2, (Lansing, Michigan: W.S. George & Co., 1879), p. 1326. 


24. Chapman Brothers, p. 358.  He worked for three years as a custom agent.


25. 1880 U.S. Federal Census: Port Austin, Huron, MI, E.D. 115, and p. 143D.  In 1886, Elizabeth Longworth Winsor, her sons and their families moved from Port Austin to Seattle, Washington.  Her son, Thomas Winsor, became a prominent businessman, running for mayor of Seattle in 1897.  Richard continued in public service in Seattle, working in various campaigns and holding various political positions, including Judge.  He became publisher of the Seattle Evening Call.  In 1896, he was urged to accept the nomination for the office of associate justice of the Washington Supreme Court.  He declined due to his poor health.  He was a member of the committee that formed the original municipal charter of the city of Seattle.  In 1897, he became a member of the board of regents of the state university in Washington.  He also served on the Seattle School Board.  


26. Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada Marriage Records.

27. The Canadian Biographical Dictionary and Portrait Gallery of Eminent and Self-Made Men: Ontario, Vol.1880 (Toronto, Chicago: American Biographical Pub.  Co., 1880), p. 57.


28. Ibid.  129 and 135-136.


29. Register of Herman B. Weisner Papers, 1957-1992, Research Files: Box 13, t-1, Archives and Special Collections, New Mexico State University Library, Santa Fe, NM.


30. “Territorial Topics,” The Daily Optic, East Las Vegas, NM, April 4, 1891.  In May of 1893, the saloon suffered $500.00 in damage to the building and $800.00 to the fixtures in a fire, which destroyed many of the businesses in San Marcial. On August 1, 1892 John Longworth was reported to owe the United States Internal Revenue Service $22.92 in overdue taxes.  The taxes were paid on September 7, 1892.  In the mid 1890s, John was involved in several court cases in Socorro County, New MexicoIn 1894, he was named in   H. Davis, Sons & Co. vs. Longworth, John.  In 1895, he was involved in another case in Socorro County: Essenger & Judell vs. Longworth, John, and in 1898 he was again in court in Socorro County in the case of Broyles, J.N. vs. Longworth, John.  All of these cases were civil cases involving non-payment of goods or services.  San Marcial was in Socorro County, NM.  John Longworth did not appear in Socorro County in the 1900 United States Census, and he seemed to disappear from all records after 1898.


31. “Round About Town,” Santa Fe Daily New Mexican, Santa Fe, New Mexico, October 25, 1893, p. 4.


32. 1910 U.S. Census, Mesa, Maricopa, Arizona, E.D. 71, p. 4A.  1920 U.S. Census: Pirtleville, Cochise, AZ, p. 33B.  1925 Phoenix City Directory, P. 319, and 1930 U.S. Census, Scottsville, Maricopa, AZ, p. 6B.


33. Arizona Death Certificate #224, February 5, 1937, Maricopa County, Scottsdale District, AZ. 


34. “Sketch of the Late John Longworth,” The Sarnia Observer.


35. Chapman Brothers, p. 358.  William and Georgia did not appear in the 1885 Colorado Census records.  A George Longworth of the proper age to be William’s youngest son appeared in Ouray, Colorado working as a miner.  There were discrepancies in birth locations, however.


36. William Rayner, British Columbia’s Premiers in Profile: The Good, the Bad, and the Transient (Surrey, C.C. Canada: Heritage House Publishing Co., LTD., 2000), pgs.  59-66.  Adam Shortt, and Sir Arthur George Doughty, Canada and Its Provinces, Vol. 22, T. & A. Constable (Toronto: Edinburgh University Press, 1914), p. 413.  Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online, Vol. XII 1891-1900, The University of Toronto: http://www.biographi.ca/index-e.html (accessed February 10, 2010).  As a politician, a journalist, and a newspaper editor, John Robson supported non-sectarian public education, responsible government, and the Confederation of Canadian provinces.  Robson Street and Robson Square in Vancouver are named for him, as is the town of Robson. 


37. World War I Draft Registration Card # 217 for Bruce Earl Longworth, Ward 10, Detroit, Wayne, MI, June 5, 1917.  Georgina’s aunt, Catherine Dagg Stephens, was living in Chicago in 1890 (The 1870 U.S. Census shows Georgia and her family living in Chicago; after Chicago fire, they returned to Canada). 


38. Detroit, MI City Directory 1891-92, p. 715.  The Longworths, resided at 206 Orchard and William was employed as a bookkeeper.  Detroit, MI City Directory 1893-94, p. 770.  William, Georgina, and Bruce Earl lived at 92 Abbott; William worked as a bookkeeper.


39. 1900 U.S. Census: Precinct 4, Montrose, Montrose, CO, E.D. 78, and p. 10A.  William’s death probably occurred in Colorado, possibly in Montrose County.  The 1900 United States Census for Montrose, Colorado lists Georgia Longworth as a widow living with widowed father J. E. Berry.  Georgia probably worked as a housekeeper for the young father, providing board for herself and Bruce.  At this time, Georgia’s sisters, Lulu, Addie, and Charlotte Weston were living in Denver.  In 1903, J. Elmo Berry died and Georgia and Bruce moved to Denver where, according to the 1910 U.S. Census, she worked as a nurse in a private home.


40. 1930 U.S. Census: Detroit, Wayne, MI, E.D. 410, p. 14A, line 6.  Polk’s City Directory, Detroit, Wayne, MI, 1928, p. 1344.  In 1928, Bruce Longworth resided at 13299 Littlefield, the home of his aunt, Lulu Weston Higgins; he was employed as an electrician. In 1930, Bruce was living as a single man in the Fort Clark Hotel in Detroit.


41. Although 1920 census records indicate George was a widower, he apparently had no descendants.  Bruce remained single in 1930.  The fates of William’s children Tom, John, Ann, and Esther are unknown.


42. William L. Richter, Overreached on All Sides: The Freedmen’s Bureau Administrators in Texas, 1865-1868 (College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 1991), pgs. 116-125.

Christopher B. Bean, A Stranger Amongst Strangers: An Analysis of the Freedmen’s Bureau Subassistant Commissioners in Texas, 1865-1868, Doctorial Dissertation (Denton, TX: University of North Texas, August 2008), UMI Microform 3352073 (Ann Arbor, MI: ProQuest LLC, 2009).


43. Richard B. McCaslin, “William Longworth, Republican Villain,” Still The Arena of Civil War, ed. Kenneth W. Howell (Denton, Texas: University of North Texas Press, 2110), p. 137.


44. “Attack Upon A Loyal League of Freedmen on the Cibolo,” San Antonio Daily Express, October 2, 1867, p. 2, col. 1.


45. Richard B. McCaslin, “William Longworth, Republican Villain,” Still The Arena of Civil War, p. 137.


46. “Local News Briefs” The Alamo Star, December 11, 1854, San Antonio, TX, p. 2, col. 1.


47. Polley, Joseph H., “Old Timers on the Cibolo,” Lavernia Legacies, Spring 2005, Issue #3 (La Vernia, Texas by the La Vernia Historical Association), pgs.  14-21.


48. “Report’, The Alamo Star, September 16, 1854, San Antonio, Texas, p. 2.


49. Bexar County Commissioner Court Minutes, Book 1A, pgs.  327-328 “Appointment of Patrol Detachments.”  “An Act: To provide for the appointment of Patrols and to prescribe their duties and powers,” Laws of Texas 1822-1897 (Austin, Texas: Gammel Book Co., 1898), Vol. II, pgs.1497-1501.


50. San Antonio City Council Ordinance, Book 1, 1850-1868, #01-106, August 25, 1860, Ordinance to regulate the conduct of slaves and free persons of color in the City of San Antonio, p. 150(viewer page 142), Section 16, Office of the San Antonio City Archivist: http://www.sanantonio.gov/clerk/ArchiveSearch.  “An Ordinance, Section 16,” San Antonio Daily Ledger and Texan, August 30, 1860, San Antonio, Texas.


51. 1867-1869 Voter Registration, Vol. 30 Victoria-Zapata: Reel 12(microfilm), San Antonio Public Library, San Antonio, TX.


52. “To the Citizens of Bexar County,” San Antonio Ledger, November 24, 1855, p. 4, col. 2.  John Sutherland, “Ledger Correspondence: Letter to the Editor,” San Antonio Ledger, December 1, 1855, p. 3, col. 1.  


53. Roy L. Swift and Leavitt Corning, Jr., Three Roads to Chihuahua: the Great Wagon Roads That Opened the Southwest 1823-1883 (Austin, Texas: Eakin Press, 1988), pgs. 157-159.


54. “Local News Briefs,” “Public Meeting,” The Alamo Star, September 2, 1854, p. 2, col. 1.


55. Wilson County Commissioner Court Minutes, Book A, p. 1, Sec. 4.  


56. “Editorial Correspondence,” The Galveston News, May 8, 1855, p. 3, col.1, Galveston, Texas. 


57. William Green, “Texas Narratives, Part 2, ” Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves, Vol. XVI, p. 96 (Washington, D.C., Work Projects Administration, 1941).